ROOTS UNIT DICTIONARY & THESAURUS

 

abscess (noun):  a swollen area within body tissue, containing an accumulation of pus

abscess synonyms:  ulcer, boil, carbuncle, pustule

 

accessible (adjective):  able to be reached

accessible synonyms:  available, handy, reachable, usable, attainable, employable, exposed, obtainable, open, operative, possible, practicable, susceptible, unrestricted

 

adjoining (adjective):  two or more things, such as buildings or land, that are next to and usually connected to each other

adjoining synonyms:  adjacent, contiguous, neighboring, abutting, connecting, impinging, interconnecting, joined, joining, juxtaposed, touching, verging

 

adjust (verb):  to alter or move something slightly in order to achieve the desired fit, appearance, or result

adjust synonyms:  accommodate, accustom, adapt, alter, conform, fine-tune, fix, modify, regulate, tailor, acclimatize, arrange, compose, dispose, doctor, habituate, harmonize, order, reconcile, rectify, redress, remodel, settle

 

ancestor (noun):  a person, typically one more remote than a grandparent, from whom one is descended

ancestor synonyms:  forebear, forefather, founder, antecedent, ascendant, foremother, forerunner, precursor, primogenitor, progenitor, antecessor, foregoer

 

autobiography (noun):  an account of someone's life created by that person

autobiography synonyms:  confession, diary, journal, life story, memoir, personal history

 

autograph (noun):  a signature, especially that of a celebrity made as a memento for an admirer

autograph synonyms:  endorsement, handwriting, inscription, seal, token, writing, John Hancock, undersignature

 

bibliography (noun):  a list of the books referred to in a scholarly work, usually printed as an appendix

bibliography synonyms: 

 

biography (noun):  an account of someone's life created by someone else

biography synonyms:  life story, memoir, profile, sketch, saga, bio, life history

 

biped (noun):  an animal that has two _______

biped synonyms:  animal, mortal, personal, anthropoid, hominid

 

calligraphy (noun):  decorative or handwritten lettering

calligraphy synonyms:  chirography, longhand, script

 

cartography (noun):  the science or practice of drawing maps

cartography synonyms:  earth science, geology, geopolitics, topography, topology, physiography

 

cease (verb):  bring or come to an end

cease synonyms:  break off, discontinue, desist, fail, halt, quit, refrain, terminate, culminate, end, finish, surcease

 

 


cede (verb):  give up power or territory

cede synonyms:  capitulate, communicate, concede, give in, give up, relinquish, renounce, waive, abdicate, resign, yield

 

choreography (noun):  the sequence of steps and movements in dance or figure skating, especially in a ballet or other staged dance

choreography synonyms:  dance, arrangement, moves

 

concede (verb):  1) admit that something is true or valid after first denying or resisting it; 2) to admit defeat

concede synonyms:  accept, admit, allow, capitulate, cave, confess, give up, quit, relinquish, surrender, yield

 

conjugate (verb):  give the different forms of a verb as they vary according to voice, mood, tense, number, and person

conjugate synonyms:  adjoin, affix,

 

conjunction (noun):  a word used to connect words, phrases, or clauses

conjunction synonyms:  partnership, affiliation, agreement, alliance, association, cahoots, concurrence

 

conscience (noun):  an inner feeling or voice viewed as acting as a guide to the rightness or wrongness of one's behavior

conscience synonyms:  shame, censor, compunction, demur, duty, morals, principles, qualms, scruples, superego

 

conscientious (adjective):  wishing to do what is right, especially to do one's work or duty well and thoroughly

conscientious synonyms:  diligent, fastidious, fussy, meticulous, painstaking, complete, exacting, faithful, punctillious

 

conscious (adjective):  aware of and responding to one’s surroundings; awake

conscious synonyms:  attentive, aware, certain, cognizant, informed, keen, mindful, responsive, sensible, vigilant, watchful

 

constructive (adjective):  serving a useful purpose

constructive synonyms:  effective, positive, practical, productive, useful, valuable

 

cryptography (noun):  the art of creating or solving codes

cryptography synonyms:  crypt analysis, Morse alphabet

 

deceased (adjective):  dead

deceased synonyms:  departed, cold, expired, finished, former, gone, lost, defunct, lifeless, gave up the ghost, kicked the bucket, extinct, late

 

demographics (noun):  statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it

demographics synonyms:  enumeration, poll, demography, statistics, population tally, stats

 

destroy (verb):  put an end to the existence of something or someone by damaging or attacking it

destroy synonyms:  consumer, crush, damage, dismantle, end, eradicate, gut, impair, kill, maim, ravage, raze, ruin, sabotage, shatter, smash, wipe out, wreck

 

disjointed (adjective):  lacking a coherent sequence or connection

disjointed synonyms:  confused, incoherent, jumbled, rambling, disordered, displaced, muddled, separated

excess (noun):  an amount of something that is more than necessary, permitted, or desirable

excess synonyms:  exuberance, glut, overkill, surplus, waste, exorbitance, overflow, oversupply, plethora

 

expedite (verb);  to ensure that something takes place or is dealt with efficiently, often more quickly than usual

expedite synonyms:  accelerate, assist, facilitate, hasten, promote, quicken, speed, urge, advance, hurry, fast track

 

expeditious (adjective):  leading to a speedy performance

expeditious synonyms:  diligent, efficient, hasty, punctual, rapid, swift

 

graffiti (noun):  text or drawings scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surface in a public place

graffiti synonyms:  defacement, doodles, cave painting, scribbling

 

graph (noun):  a diagram showing the relation between variable quantities, typically of two variables, each measured along one of a pair of axes at right angles

graph synonyms:  chart, linear representation, visual representation

 

graphic (adjective):  1) relating to visual art, especially involving drawing, engraving, or lettering; 2) vividly detailed

graphic synonyms:  concrete, stirring, striking, telling, compelling, convincing, detailed, descriptive, illustrative, precise, vivid

 

graphospasm (noun):  muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while working with a pen or pencil

graphospasm synonyms:  hand spasm, writer’s cramp, writer’s palsy

 

impeach (verb):  1) to charge a serving government official with serious misconduct while in office; 2) to question a person's good character

impeach synonyms:  accuse, arraign, criticize, discredit, indict, reprimand, blame, charge, disparage, incriminate, inculpate

impediment (noun):  something which impedes (blocks) or hinders (delays)

impediment synonyms:  barrier, bottleneck, burden, defect, deterrent, difficulty, disadvantage, drawback, flaw, handicap, hazard, hitch, hurdle, inhibition, obstacle, red tape, restriction, setback, snag, stumbling block

 

incessant (adjective):  continuing without pause or interruption

incessant synonyms:  ceaseless, constant, continual, continuous, nonstop, perpetual, relentless, unrelenting, unremitting, endless, interminable, unceasing, unending

 

indescribable (adjective):  unable to be described or explained in words

indescribable synonyms:  ineffable, sublime, unspeakable, impossible, incommunicable, indefinable, inexpressible, nondescript, subtle

 

indestructible (adjective):  unable to be destroyed

indestructible synonyms:  durable, immortal, perpetual, enduring, everlasting, indelible, permanent, unalterable, undying

 

industry (noun):  economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories

industry synonyms:  business, commerce, corporation, management, production, trade

 

infrastructure (noun):  the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., bridges, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise

infrastructure synonyms:  base, framework, footing, groundwork, root, support, underpinning

 

injunction (noun):  an authoritative or legal warning or order

injunction synonyms:  admonition, ban, embargo, instruction, mandate, prohibition, ruling, writ

 

inscribe (verb):  to mark or record something in or on something durable, such as a monument

inscribe synonyms:  carve, engrave, etch, book, cut, scribe

 

instruction:  1) a direction or order; 2) detailed information telling how something should be done, operated, or assembled

instruction synonyms:  direction, discipline, guidance, information, lesson, preparation, schooling, teaching, training

 

instructive (adjective):  useful and informative

instructive synonyms:  enlightening, helpful, illuminating, useful, educational educative, explanatory, informational, instructional

 

instrument (noun):  a tool or implement, especially one for delicate or scientific work

instrument synonyms:  apparatus, appliance, device, equipment, gadget, gizmo, machinery, mechanism

 

instrumental (adjective):  serving as an instrument or means in pursuing an aim or policy

instrumental synonyms:  involved, active, auxiliary, conducive, contributory, helpful, useful

 

jointly (adverb):  with another person or people; together

jointly synonyms:  accordingly, collectively, cooperatively, mutually, simultaneously, together, unitedly, harmoniously

juncture (noun):  1) a particular point in events or time, especially where two or more things met or connected

juncture synonyms:  crossroad, choice, circumstance, condition, contingency, crisis, crux, emergency, exigency, occasion, moment, quandary, predicament

 

junta (noun):  a military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force

junta synonyms:  faction, government, assembly, cabal, committee, convention, coterie, tribunal

 

manuscript (noun):  1) a book or other text created by hand, especially before the invention of printing; 2) an author’s text for a book, article, or other piece of written work as it is submitted for publication

manuscript synonyms:  article, document, text, composition, palimpsest

 

misconstrue (verb):  interpret (something, especially a person's words or actions) wrongly

misconstrue synonyms:  distort, exaggerate, misinterpret, misread, misunderstand, misjudge

 

nicety (noun):  a fine detail or distinction; accuracy or precision; a minor aspect of polite social behavior; a detail of etiquette

nicety synonyms:  nuance, refinement, rigor, subtlety, detail, distinction

 

nondescript (adjective):  having no interesting or remarkable characteristics

nondescript synonyms: 

 

obstruct (verb):  to block (an opening, path, road, etc.); be or get in the way of

obstruct synonyms:  uninspiring, unremarkable, common, empty, ordinary

 

obstruction (noun):  something that blocks or gets in the way of progress

obstruction synonyms:  blockage, hindrance, interference, barricade, barrier, circumvention, hurdle, restraint, snag, monkey wrench

 

oceanography (noun):  the branch of science that deals with the physical and biological properties and phenomena of the sea

no oceanography synonyms

 

omniscient (adjective):  aware of everything

omniscient synonyms:  all-seeing, almighty, infinite, knowledgeable, pansophical, preeminent, wise

 

paragraph (noun):  a distinct section of a piece of text, usually dealing with a single theme and indicated by a new line, indentation, or numbering

paragraph synonyms:  chapter, item, passage, piece

 

pawn (noun):  someone who is used or manipulated to further another person's purposes

pawn synonyms:  dupe, patsy, puppet, stooge, instrument, mark, pigeon, sucker, victim

 

pedestrian (noun):  someone who is walking

pedestrian synonyms:  hiker, passerby, stroller, walker, ambler, jaywalker

 

pedigree (noun):  one’s line of ancestors; an ancestral line

pedigree synonyms:  lineage, blood, breed, clan, derivation, descent, family, genealogy, origin, race, stock, family tree

 

pedometer (noun):  an instrument for recording the number of steps taken when walking

no pedometer synonyms

 

peon (noun):  someone who does boring menial tasks (those that don’t require much knowledge or skill); a laborer who is obliged to do menial work

peon synonyms:  drudge, farmhand, gopher, laborer, peasant, serf, servant, slave, unskilled laborer

 

postscript (noun):  a message added after the initial piece of work, such as a P.S. or an appendix

postscript synonyms:  appendix, footnote, appendage, attachment, rider, sequel

 

precede (verb):  to come before (something) in time, position, or order

precede synonyms:  anticipate, foreshadow, predate, presage, antecede, harbinger, herald, lead, pioneer, preexist, preface

 

predecessor (noun):  something that came before the current person or version

predecessor synonyms:  ancestor, forebear, antecedent, forerunner, former, precursor, prior, prototype, foregoer

prescient (adjective):  having or showing awareness of events before they take place

prescient synonyms:  farsighted, foresighted, judicious

 

prescribed (adjective):  1) laid down, appointed, or fixed beforehand; ordained, appointed, set, fixed, defined; 2) to specify a rule or direction to be followed (such as a medicine)

prescribed synonyms:  arbitrary, recommended, prescriptive

 

prescription (noun):  an instruction or recommendation, such as a doctor’s order for medicine or treatment

prescription synonyms:  instruction, recipe, direction, remedy, decree, edict, preparation, regulation, recommendation

 

procedure (noun):  an established or official way of doing something

procedure synonyms:  action, agenda, conduct, form, method, operation, program, scheme, strategy

 

proceed (verb):  begin or continue a course of action; move forward, especially after reaching a certain point

proceed synonyms:  advance, continue, go ahead, press on, progress, travel

 

pseudoscience (noun):  a collection of beliefs or practices mistakenly regarded as being based on scientific method

pseudoscience synonyms:  witchcraft, wizardry, magic, sorcery, black arts, black magic

 

quadruped (noun):  an animal that has four _______

quadruped synonyms:  creature, monster, pig, barbarian, critter, fiend, beastie

 

recede (verb):  go or move back or further away from a previous position

recede synonyms:  abate, decrease, diminish, dwindle, ebb, fade, fall back, lessen, reduce, retreat, shrink, subside, taper, wane

 

reconstruct (verb):  1) to form something again after it has been damaged or destroyed; 2) to create again in a new way

reconstruct synonyms:  fix, fix up, modernize, overhaul, reassemble, rebuild, recreate, reestablish, regenerate, rehabilitate, rejuvenate, remake, remodel, renovate, repair, reproduce, restore, revamp, rework

 

reconstruction (noun):  1) something formed again after it had been damaged or destroyed; 2) created again in a new way; 3) a re-enactment of a past event

reconstruction synonyms:  rehabilitation, reorganization, repair, restoration, alteration, conversion, reformation, regeneration, remaking

 

rejoinder (noun):  a reply, especially a sharp or witty one

rejoinder synonyms:  rebuttal, repartee, retort, comeback, counterclaim, counterargument, defense, wisecrack, response

 

scribble (verb):  to hastily or carelessly record something on paper, such as a drawing or note

scribble synonyms:  jot, scratch, scrawl, doodle, squiggle

 

script (noun):  the printed version of a stage play, movie screenplay, or radio or television broadcast, including the words to be spoken and often also technical directions

script synonyms:  article, book, copy, dialogue, libretto, manuscript, text, playbook

 

scripture (noun) a sacred text or book

scripture synonyms:  authority, creed, doctrine, guide, guidebook, manual, testament, text, sacred writ

 

seismograph (noun):  an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration

no seismograph synonyms

 

structure (noun):  the arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex

structure synonyms:  construction, edifice, house, cage, fabric, pile, skyscraper

 

structural (adjective):  parts that are essential to the way something is created or put together

structural synonyms:  anatomical, architectural, skeletal, constitutional, formational, formative

 

subconscious (noun, adjective):  of or concerning the part of the mind of which one is not fully aware but which influences one's actions and feelings

subconscious synonyms:  psyche, essence, mind, soul, subliminal self

 

subjugation (noun):  the action of bringing someone or something under domination or control

subjugation synonyms:  enslavement, serfdom, servitude, peonage, servility, subjection

 

subscript (noun):  a character that is printed on a level lower than the rest of the characters on a line (example:  in H2O the 2 is subscript)

no subscript synonyms

 

succession (noun):  a number of people or things sharing a specified characteristic and following one after the other

succession synonyms:  sequence, series, continuity, cycle, progression, string, chain, course, order

 

superscript (noun):  a character that is printed on a level higher than the rest of the characters on a line (example:  in CO2 the 2 is superscript)

no superscript synonyms

 

transcript (noun):  an official document showing the educational work of a student in a school or college; a record of something official

transcript synonyms:  manuscript, transcription, translation, duplicate, facsimile, imprint, record, reprint, reproduction, hard copy

 

unconscionable (adjective):  not right or reasonable

unconscionable synonyms:  immoral, immoderate, barbarous, excessive, outrageous, preposterous, uncivilized, unethical, unfair, unjust, unreasonable, wanton, amoral, conscienceless, criminal, dishonest, knavish, ungodly, unprincipled

 

unconscious (adjective):  inaccessible to the conscious mind but affecting behavior and emotions

unconscious synonyms:  instinctive, latent, repressed, subliminal, suppressed, gut, reflex

 

unconsciously (adverb):  without realizing or being aware of one’s actions

unconsciously synonyms:  unintentionally, unknowingly, unwittingly, abstractedly, automatically, carelessly

 

unimpeded (adjective):  without hindrance or obstruction

unimpeded synonyms:  unhampered, unlimited, free, open, unblocked, unobstructed

 

unprecedented (adjective):  never done or known before

unprecedented synonyms:  exceptional, original, extraordinary, bizarre, fantastic, uncommon, unheard-of, unparalleled, unrivaled, unique, idiosyncratic, prodigious, preternatural, exotic, outlandish

 

unscientific (adjective):  not following scientific priciples or methods

unscientific synonyms:  illogical, irrational, impulsive

 

yoke (noun):  a wooden bar fastened over the necks of two animals such as oxen that are attached to a cart they can then pull

yoke (verb):  to attach two things together, in reality or symbolically

yoke synonyms:  burden, chain, link, servitude, connection, attachment, bracket, harness, secure