"Corporal punishment is a discipline method in which a supervising adult deliberately inflicts pain upon a child in response to a child's unacceptable behavior and/or inappropriate language. The immediate aims of such punishment are usually to halt the offense, prevent its recurrence and set an example for others. The purported long-term goal is to change the child's behavior and to make it more consistent with the adult's expectations. In corporal punishment, the adult usually hits various parts of the child's body with a hand, or with canes, paddles, yardsticks, belts, or other objects expected to cause pain and fear."

 

excerpt from Corporal Punishment in Schools, American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, https://www.aacap.org/aacap/policy_statements/1988/Corporal_Punishment_in_Schools.aspx